Skip to content

Material Research

รังสีสามารถใช้ในการปรับคุณลักษณะทางกายภาพและเคมีของวัสดุ โดยพลังงานสามารถเปลี่ยนโครงสร้างเช่นเกิด crosslinking, grafting, degrading งานวิจัยประกอบไปด้วยการพัฒนาโพลิเมอร์ด้วยรังสี การตรวจสอบพลาสติกชีวภาพ งานวิจัยวัสดุพลังงานจากคาร์บอน

Nuclear technology has numerous applications in material science, helping researchers understand and manipulate the properties of materials at the atomic and molecular levels. Here are some important applications of nuclear technology in this field:

  1. Neutron Scattering: Neutron scattering is a powerful technique used to investigate the structure and behavior of materials at the atomic and molecular scales. Neutrons interact with the nuclei of atoms, making them ideal for studying the positions and movements of atoms within a material. This method can provide insights into the arrangement of atoms, magnetic properties, and more.
  2. Ion Beam Analysis (IBA): IBA techniques involve bombarding materials with ions (charged particles) and analyzing the resulting interactions. This can be used to determine the composition, thickness, and depth profiling of materials. Techniques like Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy (RBS) and Nuclear Reaction Analysis (NRA) are commonly used in material science for elemental analysis.
  3. Radiation-Induced Material Modification: Nuclear radiation can be used to modify the properties of materials. For instance, ion implantation can introduce specific ions into a material’s surface to enhance its electrical or mechanical properties. This technique is used in semiconductor manufacturing and materials engineering.
  4. Mössbauer Spectroscopy: Mössbauer spectroscopy relies on the resonant absorption of gamma rays by certain atomic nuclei. It can provide information about the chemical and magnetic environments of specific elements within a material. This technique is valuable for studying iron-containing materials, among others.
  5. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR): While more commonly associated with chemistry and biology, NMR spectroscopy is also used in material science to study the atomic-scale structure and dynamics of materials. Solid-state NMR can provide insights into the structure of solids, polymers, and complex materials.
  6. Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy (PAS): PAS is used to study the defects and vacancies in materials by analyzing the annihilation of positrons (antiparticles of electrons) in the material. It can provide information about the concentration and distribution of defects, which is crucial in understanding material behavior.
  7. Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS): AMS is used for precise radiocarbon dating and the analysis of trace elements in materials. It is highly sensitive and can measure isotopic ratios at extremely low levels, making it valuable for a wide range of material science applications.
  8. Activation Analysis: Activation analysis involves irradiating a material with neutrons, inducing the creation of radioactive isotopes within the material. By measuring the resulting gamma-ray emissions, researchers can quantify the concentrations of various elements in the material.
  9. Synchrotron Radiation: While not nuclear in nature, synchrotron facilities produce intense beams of X-rays that are used in advanced materials research. They can reveal information about the electronic structure, crystallography, and microstructure of materials.